Copyright 2017 - County of Lancaster, PA -- LCYIC, Drew Fredericks

What is Juvenile Detention?

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The Juvenile Court Process

PCN Courts and Corrections Special

Original air date September 2011

The  

Detention  

Center  

provides  

temporary  

safe  

and  

secure  

care  

for  

alleged  

and  

adjudicated  

delinquent  

juveniles  

waiting  

for

adjudication  

or  

disposition  

by  

the  

Courts.  

  

The  

Detention  

Center  

ensures  

community  

protection  

from  

the  

alleged  

or

adjudicated  

offender.  

  

The  

program  

serves  

male  

and  

female  

juveniles  

between  

the  

ages  

of  

ten  

and  

eighteen.  

  

The  

facility

has  

48  

secure  

detention  

beds,  

and  

works  

to  

stabilize  

the  

residents  

by  

structuring  

their  

stay  

with  

educational  

and  

psycho-

educational programs, while instilling self-discipline and structure into their lives. 

The  

school  

program  

teaches  

the  

basic  

academic  

curriculum,  

while  

fostering  

a  

positive  

attitude  

towards  

school  

and  

learning.  

 

The  

psycho-educational  

programming  

includes  

lessons  

in  

anger  

management  

and  

self-control,  

dealing  

with  

drug  

and

alcohol issues, making good decisions, victimization awareness, and individual responsibility. 

The  

Center  

also  

relies  

on  

over  

forty  

diverse  

volunteer  

groups  

to  

share  

their  

areas  

of  

experience  

and  

expertise  

with  

our

juveniles.  

  

Educational,  

mental  

health,  

and  

drug  

and  

alcohol  

assessments  

are  

integral  

in  

helping  

to  

develop  

reports  

to  

the

Courts.  

  

Residents  

are  

held  

to  

high  

standards  

of  

appropriate  

conduct  

while  

being  

detained  

at  

the  

Youth  

Intervention

Center.

According  

to  

the  

board  

of  

directors  

of  

the  

National  

Juvenile  

Detention  

Association  

(NJDA)

,  

the  

definition  

of  

juvenile

detention is:

Juvenile  

detention  

is  

the  

temporary  

and  

safe  

custody  

of  

juveniles  

who  

are  

accused  

of  

conduct  

subject  

to  

the  

jurisdiction  

of

the court who require a restricted environment for their own, or the community’s protection, while pending legal action.

Further,  

juvenile  

detention  

provides  

a  

wide  

range  

of  

helpful  

services  

that  

support  

the  

juvenile’s  

physical,  

emotional,  

and

social development.

Helpful  

services  

minimally  

include:  

education;  

visitation;  

communication;  

counseling;  

continuous  

supervision;  

medical  

and

health care services; nutrition; recreation; and reading.

Juvenile  

detention  

includes  

or  

provides  

for  

a  

system  

of  

clinical  

observation  

and  

assessment  

that  

compliments  

the  

helpful

services and reports findings.

According  

to  

the  

American  

Correctional  

Association  

(ACA)

  

Juvenile  

Detention  

Committee  

there  

are  

seven  

essential

characteristics to juvenile detention. They are:

Temporary  

custody.  

Of  

all  

the  

methods  

of  

incarceration  

within  

the  

criminal  

justice  

system,  

only  

juvenile  

detention  

stresses

its temporary nature. Detention should be as short as possible.

Safe  

custody.  

This  

concept  

implies  

freedom  

from  

fear  

and  

freedom  

from  

harm  

for  

both  

the  

juvenile  

and  

the  

community.

This  

definitional  

theme  

refers  

to  

a  

safe  

and  

humane  

environment  

with  

programming  

and  

staffing  

to  

ensure  

the  

physical

and psychological safety of detained juveniles.

Restricted  

environment.  

The  

nature  

or  

degree  

of  

restrictiveness  

of  

the  

environment  

is  

generally  

associated  

with  

the

traditional classifications of maximum, medium, or minimum security or custody.

Community  

protection.  

In  

addition  

to  

the  

factors  

listed  

above,  

the  

court  

has  

a  

legitimate  

right  

to  

detain  

juveniles  

for  

the

purpose of preventing further serious and/or violent delinquent behavior.

Pending  

legal  

action.  

This  

theme  

includes  

the  

time  

spent  

awaiting  

a  

hearing,  

disposition,  

a  

placement,  

or  

a  

return  

to  

a

previous placement.

Helpful  

services.  

Programs  

are  

available  

to  

detain  

juveniles  

to  

help  

resolve  

a  

host  

of  

problems  

commonly  

facing  

detained

juveniles.  

Because  

detention  

has  

the  

potential  

of  

creating  

a  

tremendously  

negative  

impact  

on  

some  

juveniles,  

it  

is  

important

that programming have the depth of services required to meet the needs of a wide range of juvenile problems.

Clinical  

observation  

and  

assessment.  

Most  

juvenile  

codes  

specifically  

refer  

to  

this  

theme  

as  

a  

purpose  

for  

detention.  

The

controlled  

environment  

of  

juvenile  

detention  

often  

provides  

the  

opportunity  

for  

intense  

observation  

and  

assessment  

to

enhance  

decision-making  

capabilities.  

Competent  

clinical  

services  

are  

provided  

by  

properly  

credentialed  

individuals  

who

coordinate  

and  

conduct  

the  

observation  

and  

assessment  

process.  

(This  

service  

may  

be  

provided  

by  

staff  

or  

through

contract).

This  

definition  

of  

juvenile  

detention  

was  

provided  

by  

the  

Office  

of  

Juvenile  

Justice  

and  

Delinquency  

Prevention’s  

(OJJDP)

  

Desktop  

Guide  

to  

Good  

Juvenile

Detention Practice (1996; pg. 33).

What is a delinquent child?

According  

to  

the  

Juvenile  

Act

,  

composed  

by  

the  

Juvenile  

Court  

Judges’  

Commission  

(JCJC)

,  

a  

delinquent  

child  

is  

a  

child

ten  

years  

of  

age  

or  

older  

whom  

the  

court  

has  

found  

to  

have  

committed  

a  

delinquent  

act  

and  

is  

in  

need  

of  

treatment,

supervision, or rehabilitation.What is a Delinquent Act?

 What is a delinquent act?

According  

to  

the  

Juvenile  

Act

,  

composed  

by  

the  

Juvenile  

Court  

Judges’  

Commission  

(JCJC)

,  

a  

delinquent  

act  

is  

defined  

as

follows:

The  

term  

means  

an  

act  

designated  

a  

crime  

under  

the  

law  

of  

this  

Commonwealth,  

or  

of  

another  

state  

if  

the  

act

occurred in that state, or under Federal law, or under local ordinances.

The term shall not include:

o

The crime of murder.

o

Any  

of  

the  

following  

prohibited  

conduct  

where  

the  

child  

was  

15  

years  

of  

age  

or  

older  

at  

the  

time  

of  

the  

alleged

conduct,  

and  

a  

deadly  

weapon  

as  

defined  

in  

18  

Pa.C.S.  

§  

2301  

(relating  

to  

definitions)  

was  

used  

during  

the

commission of the offense, which, if committed by an adult, would be classified as:

Rape

Involuntary deviate sexual intercourse

Aggravated assault

Robbery

Robbery of motor vehicle

Aggravated indecent assault

Kidnapping

Voluntary manslaughter

An attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit murder or any of these crimes

o

Any  

of  

the  

following  

prohibited  

conduct  

where  

the  

child  

was  

15  

years  

of  

age  

or  

older  

at  

the  

time  

of  

the  

alleged

conduct,  

and  

has  

been  

previously  

adjudicated  

delinquent  

of  

any  

of  

the  

following  

prohibited  

conduct,  

which,  

if

committed by an adult would be classified as:

Rape

Involuntary deviate sexual intercourse

Robbery

Robbery of motor vehicle

Aggravated indecent assault

Kidnapping

Voluntary manslaughter

An attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit murder or any of these crimes

o

Summary  

offenses,  

unless  

the  

child  

fails  

to  

comply  

with  

a  

lawful  

sentence  

imposed  

there  

under,  

in  

which  

event

notice of such fact shall be certified to the court.

o

A  

crime  

committed  

by  

a  

child  

who  

has  

been  

found  

guilty  

in  

a  

criminal  

proceeding  

for  

other  

than  

a  

summary

offense.

Youth Intervention Center